It was an overnight success, despite its relatively high price. The >17 is usually loaded with a .17 gr bullet. .17 HMR isn't much cheaper than .223, and 22-250 is normally priced at large rifle centerfire prices--$17 for a box of 20 would be average. At 200 yards, where the .22 WMR is running on fumes, the .17 WSM is still scooting right along and carries twice the energy of the .17 HMR, itself a long-range rimfire. Both the .22 WMR and .17 HMR are firmly established as standard rimfires. So, if you knew your .17 ammo brands, you could probably pick one that could penetrate a human heart and with a wound hole at least as big as a 22LR HP (Not that this is impressive.). Popular Rifle Calibers, Part I Though .17 HMR was designed to replicate the ballistics of the 5mm RMR. Open any popular hunting magazine and you will invariably find a number of new firearm reviews. I have a .17 HMR and have used it successfully on rabbits, prairie dogs and have seen it used on a Bobcat. Cleaning rods are so tiny they snap right off. The biggest practical use of a 17 HMR is shooting tiny targets when it's windy. The .17 HMR is however, a good teaching cartridge. The .17 HMR is based on the .22 Magnum case, requires a rimfire magnum length/strength action and retails for a substantially higher price than the .22 Magnum. 17 HMR vs 22: Ballistics & Performance Just looking at pricing and holding the cartridges next to each other doesn’t tell the entire story of these two rimfire rounds. Headshots can mitigate meat damage but they aren’t always feasible, especially when shooting squirrels in trees from a standing position. On the other hand, .17 HMR is able to nail targets 150 yards away without much difficulty. The best 17 hmr rifle looks like this! I did a quick look with google and the .22 Hornet is far superior. Re: .22 WMR vs. 17 HMR On smaller game under 150yd the .17. The 17 HMR is a 22 wmr necked down to 17 cal. Of course, the range indeed varies slightly between rounds but all in all, the Hornady round would come out on top in .17 HMR vs. .22 LR. At that same range, Winchester's .17 WSM 20-grain load drifts only 2 inches and carries an impressive 230 ft.-lbs. I tried out the .22 rimfire version in Finland, but a .17 HMR was to arrive with me here in 16”/400mm barrel format. On foxes both are great and will dump foxes out to 250-300 yards with ease. It gives much higher velocity, shoots much flatter, and in general is a better longer range caliber for small pest / varmint shooting. The Stinger was introduced by CCI in 1977, and its muzzle velocity of 1640 fps with a 32-grain bullet quickly added the word "hypervelocity" to the vocabularies of .22 Rimfire shooters around the world. 22 mag is a harder hitting round but the 17HMR will get the job done too. 22 WMR vs 17 HMR: Ballistics We selected representative cartridges by Hornady, Winchester , and CCI to compare these two rounds’ ballistic performance. The following ammunition cartridge ballistics information and chart can be used to approximately compare .17 HMR Hornady Magnum Rimfire vs .22 Hornet ammo rounds. The .17 HMR is a necked down version of the .22 Magnum and generally uses a 17-grain bullet, though you can also find rounds with 20 grain and 15.5-grain bullets. The .17 WSM is not as solidly established but, based on potential, certainly should be. Both the .22 WMR and .17 HMR are firmly established as standard rimfires. 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